Density, land use mix, connectivity and accessibility are key urban drivers of energy consumption and GHG emissions. There is an enormous potential to reduce resource use and GHG emissions through good planning, mixed-use of space, compact space use and the adaptive reuse of buildings.
Around the world, urbanization leads to unaffordable housing, pressure on resources, gridlocked urban transport systems, air pollution, lack of access to clean water, and many other issues. The challenge in the coming years will be to increase building occupancy, as well as developing compact and connected built environments that support the immense shift to city living that is predicted by 2050. Smaller living spaces in a dense urban environment are beginning to become the trend.
Knowing the purpose of space in the design phase can optimize its sustainability and avoid waste. Effective space management actions will allow people to benefit from compact urban forms with good public transport connections, shared green areas and a mix of housing, shops, services and business.
This workstream will explore how space can be most optimally used in order to make sure that resources such as materials, water and energy are used efficiently. It will also look at opportunities and challenges for building and space design that can deliver affordable and healthy living spaces. A blueprint to strategically engage with cities based on a menu of solutions for living spaces will be developed.