Natural Capital and Ecosystems

Business impacts and depends on natural capital. Yet over the past 50 years, 60% of the world’s ecosystem services have been degraded. Deforestation alone equals US$2-5 trillion in lost value. This is not good news for business.

Measuring, valuing and managing interactions and relationships with nature helps businesses make better - more successful – decisions. It also helps them address the risks associated with natural capital impacts and dependencies.

Natural capital is the stock of natural resources (e.g. plants, animals, air, water, soils, minerals) that combine to yield a flow of benefits to people.

Ecosystems are part of natural capital. They are what enable the natural environment to function properly - wetlands, forests and oceans, for example. 

How we are meeting the challenge

We have over 20 years of experience raising awareness and encouraging business action on natural capital and ecosystems.

This longstanding experience enables us to help our members implement and use approaches to measure, value and manage their relationship to nature through a structured approach and purposeful communication.

Our current work program aims to create an ongoing dialogue with key stakeholders and investors to drive alignment on metrics, methodologies and approaches for measuring, valuing and managing natural capital and ecosystems.


Natural capital business examples

Find out how important it is for business to value its relationship with nature with these 43 business examples.

Building on 20 years of experience

Our work builds on 20-years of experience on natural capital, ecosystems and biodiversity. We’re continuing this journey with our members and partners every day. 

COP 13: Towards a new generation

We collaborate with the UN Convention to Combat Desertification and attend COP13, along with members and other business representatives.

Business Ecosystems Training

The WBCSD’s Business Ecosystems Training (BET) course is a freely-available capacity building program to increase the knowledge and understanding of the links between ecosystems and business.

News and Insights

Next Event

WBCSD Council Meeting 2018

22 - 25 October, 2018,

More Events


3 - 14 December, 2018
, Katowice, Poland

Liaison Delegate Meeting 2019

1 - 4 April, 2019
, Montreux, Switzerland

WBCSD Council Meeting 2019

14 - 17 October, 2019
, Lisbon, Portugal
See more


Impact on Sustainable Development Goals

Natural capital, ecosystems and biodiversity are a global priority. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15 tasks governments, business and other stakeholders to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”. SDG 14 seeks to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”.

The Natural Capital & Ecosystems work also contributes to most of the other SDGs:


Eva Zabey

Director, Redefining Value

Matthew Watkins

Associate, Redefining Value