Business both affects ecosystems, and relies on their critical provisioning services such as water, fiber, food; and regulatory services such as climate regulation, flood control and water purification. Over the past 50 years, 60% of the world’s ecosystem services have been degraded. Deforestation alone equals US$2-5 trillion in lost ecosystem value. Companies with global operations and supply chains are seeing challenges due to the loss of critical services that ecosystems provide, while ecosystems are also presenting new business opportunities.
Ecosystems are a global priority. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15 tasks governments, business and other stakeholders to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss”. SDG 14 seeks to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”.
The Ecosystems & Landscape Management work also contributes to most of the other SDGs: